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Portuguese Palaces SI

Portuguese Palaces

PALÁCIO NACIONAL DA AJUDA (AJUDA NATIONAL PALACE) Built during the 1st half of the nineteenth century, the Palácio Nacional da Ajuda (Ajuda National Palace) was the official residence of the monarchy since the reign of King Louis I (1861-1889) until 1910, when the Republic was installed in Portugal. The King's marriage with Maria Pia of Savoy (1847-1911) in 1862 was the beginning of a new life for this palace. Open to the public as a museum in 1968, its rooms remain true to the time after having undergone restoration works and historical reconstitutions. It holds outstanding collections of jewellry, tapestries, furniture, paintings, sculptures, porcelain, glass, engravings and photography from different sources, especially from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, being one of the most important museums of decorative arts in Portugal. PALÁCIO NACIONAL DA PENA (PENA NATIONAL PALACE) Standing on top of the mountain of Sintra and fruit of the creative genius of D. Fernando II, the Park and the Palácio Nacional da Pena (Pena National Palace) are the major example, in Portugal, of the Romantic nineteenth century. Built from 1839 around the ruins of a former Hieronimyte monastery, the Palace incorporates, under German influence, Manueline and Moorish architectural references. Around the palace, the King planted, trees species from all over the world, the Park of Pena (85ha), which is the largest arboretum in Portugal. PALÁCIO NACIONAL DE MAFRA (MAFRA NATIONAL PALACE) Built at the order of King John V in the 18th century to fulfill a vow of succession, the Palácio Nacional de Mafra (Mafra National Palace) is the most sumptuous Baroque monument in Portugal, including a Basilica, a Royal Palace and a Convent. For this Royal Palace, the King commissioned sculptures and paintings to Italian and Portuguese Masters and, from Flanders, two Carillons with 92 bells - the largest of their time. The Basilica has a rare ensemble of six historic organs. Also worthy of note is the library, a real repository of masterpieces. PALÁCIO NACIONAL DE SINTRA (SINTRA NATIONAL PALACE) Built on a Moorish foundation, the Palácio Nacional de Sintra (Sintra National Palace) was, for eight centuries, a residence of the Portuguese Royal Family. Sole survivor of the royal palaces of the Middle Ages, it has undergone a series of works resulting in its complex configuration. The wall linings of Hispano-Moorish tiles from the 15th and 16th centuries are the most striking decorative feature of the Mudejar taste that characterizes the palace. Inside, it exhibits important collections of decorative arts. PALÁCIO DE MONSERRATE (MONSERRATE PALACE) The Palácio de Monserrate (Monserrate Palace) is a unique testimony of the eclecticisms of the 19th century. In late 18th century Gerard DeVisme built a house in Gothic Revival-style that he sublet in 1794 to William Beckford. In 1809 the ruins of this house were visited and described by Lord Byron in one of his famous poems. In mid 19th century, Francis Cook purchased the house in ruins and, maintaining its structure, transformed it in an eclectic style that combines Byzantine, Indian and Moorish influences. The gardens include botanical species from around the world, organized by geographical areas along winding paths, amid ruins, nooks, lakes and waterfalls. PALÁCIO NACIONAL DE QUELUZ (QUELUZ NATIONAL PALACE) The Palácio Nacional de Queluz (Queluz National Palace) is an outstanding example of 18th century Portuguese architecture. Built in 1747 by D. Pedro, uncle and future husbandof Queen D. Maria I, it became a residence of the royal family since 1777. The staterooms, such as the Throne and the Ambassadors hall, give way to a succession of intimate quarters opening to the gardens, populated with sculptures and fountains, where the Cascade and the Tile Canal stand out.

Technical Details

Issue Date: 03.10.2012
Designer: Folk Design
Printer: INCM
Colours: 4 Colours
Size: 30,6 x 80 mm
Values: ?0.32, ?0.68, ?0.80