Bosnia and Herzegovina is a reservoir of various endemic plants. Croatian post Mostar by issuing commemorative postage stamps „Flora 2015” presents two sorts, the Arum Orientale subsp. Orientale and Woodland Crocus or Tommasini's Crocus.
The Arum Orientale subsp. Orientale (Arum petteri) is specifically known by its black (dark-brown) overlaying leaf that forms a specific tube in which there is a light brown cob in the center. The blossom is located on a thicker stem that in the beginning grows surrounded by a leaf. On the same stem female blossoms grow, that are located at the bottom of the cob, and the male blossoms are located above them. In this way, the Arum's flower is adapted to pollination with the help of insects.
Woodland Crocus or Tommasini's Crocus (Crocus tommasinianus) is a plant from the Iridaceae family, which was named after the botanist Muzio G. Spirito de Tommasini (1794. - 1879.). In the springtime, from the perennial bulb firstly grows slender leaves, and then flowers of 6 pedals which coloring varies from pale silvery lilac to reddish purple. Saffron originates from the Orient and is mentioned in ancient Indian records, while in the Bible, in the Old Testament, is mentioned as one of the most expensive spices.
Technical DetailsIssue Date: 01.11.2015
Designer: Draženko Marić
Printer: Zrinski d.d. Čakovec
Size: 35.50 x 25.56 mm
Values: 2.00 BAM