Flora 2013 - Mediterranean Hackberry Wood & Fruit SI

Flora 2013 - Mediterranean Hackberry Wood & Fruit

European nettle tree (Celtis australis) is a deciduous tree that grows in the Mediterranean and can be 20-25 m in height. It is considered that some European nettle trees are old over a thousand years, and by ageing bumps and grooves appears on them. European nettle tree loves light and dry soil and can grow in poor soil, from rock crevices and around the village houses. It especially likes Mediterranean mild climate and is often planted as an ornamental plant because it is resistant to air pollution, its tree top in the summer provides plenty of shade. Because of its beauty and durability it is suitable for alleys and creation of green fences suitable for paring.    
Leaves are dark grey/green during the season, fading to become light yellow before falling in autumn. Yellow flowers without petals, individual or in small groups, occurs in April. Small round fruits of European nettle tree hanging in short cluster; when mature they have brown or dark purple color. Although sweet and eatable, today they are rarely used in human nutrition but are very popular among birds and other animals. Leaves and fruits of European nettle tree are used in the treatment of various diseases. The leaves are harvested and dried in early summer, and the fruits are picked before they fully mature. The tree is very hard, supple and durable and great for processing by turning, and from flexible thin strips walking stick are made.        

Technical Details

Issue Date: 01.11.2013
Designer: Dinko Raič
Printer: Zrinski d.d. Čakovec
Size: 25.56 x 35.50 mm
Values: 3.10 BAM